GST impact on real estate: What will change when you go to buy a house?

GST impact on real estate What will change when you go to buy a house The switchover to the GST regime is undoubtedly one of the biggest tax reforms in post-independence India.  From July 1 2017, GST effectively cuts through a confounding Gordian knot of taxation complexity in the country. In other words, it replaces the multiple taxes levied by the central and state governments and will become subsumed of all the indirect taxes, including central excise duty, commercial tax, octroi tax/charges, Value-Added Tax (VAT) and service tax.

GST has been predominantly conceptualized around a ‘One Nation, One Tax’ philosophy and will:

  • Help eliminate the previous cascading tax structure
  • Ease compliances
  • Create uniform tax rates and structure, and
  • Help in reducing additional tax burdens on consumers.

However, the biggest game changer in GST is the introduction of Input Tax Credit, whereby credits of input taxes paid at each stage of production or service delivery can be availed in the succeeding stages of value addition. This makes GST fundamentally a tax only on value addition at each stage.

This means that the end consumer will thus only bear the GST charged by the last dealer in the supply chain, with set-off benefits at all the earlier stages. To ensure that manufacturers, developers and service providers pass on the benefit to the final customer, the Government has included an anti-profiteering clause in the GST bill under section 171 of GST law. This clause clearly states that it is mandatory to pass on the benefit tax reduction due to input tax credit to the final customer.

Impact on Residential Real Estate:

To say the least, the Indian real estate sector has been going through significant transform in the recent times. The recently implemented Real Estate and Regulation Act (RERA) has already started addressing the issue of non-transparency and affixes a level of accountability on real estate builders and brokers which is unprecedented in the history of the Indian property sector.

For the residential real estate sector, the implementation of GST will definitely be a positive sentiment booster among property buyers. GST may not be instrumental in bringing down the prices of residential real estate over the short term. However, it will benefit all the stakeholders of the residential real estate sector, as the perception of the sector will improve on the back of a simplified tax structure and accountability being fixed at every stage.

Benefit to Property Buyers:

A simple and transparent tax applied on the purchase price is the biggest take- away for property buyers. Under the GST regime, all under-construction properties will be charged at 12% (excluding stamp duty and registration charges). It will not apply to completed and ready-to-move-in projects, as there are no indirect taxes applicable in the sale of such properties.

VAT (with rates differing from one state to another) and Service Tax together accounted for 7-9% of the ticket price for a residential property, which is 3-4% lower than the GST rate. However, due to information asymmetry, consumers were largely unaware of how VAT and service tax are calculated – definitely, the entire tax calculation was too complex for laypeople to understand.

Any real estate product comprises of three expense components, namely land, material and labour or service costs. VAT is calculated on material cost, and service tax is calculated on labour and service cost. It is very difficult for buyers to ascertain what components were included for calculation of VAT and service tax.

The implementation of GST makes the calculation much simpler, since the buyer has to pay only a single Goods and Services Tax. Also, the builder must pass on the benefit of the price reduction he enjoys due to input tax credit to the buyer.

Impact on Affordable Housing:

The affordable housing sector, which is a major thrust area of the incumbent Government and is the cornerstone of its ‘Housing for all by 2022’ vision, will not be impacted by GST. This has been clarified by the announcement from the Finance Ministry, which indicates that there will be no tax under GST for housing projects which comes under the affordable housing scheme.

Benefit to Developers:

In the previous tax regime, real estate developers also grappled with the challenge of multiple taxation. On various construction materials they purchased, builder paid customs duty, central sales tax, excise duty, entry tax, etc., thus creating various instances of multiple taxation. The cumulative burden eventually got passed on to the buyer.

GST will eliminate all the other taxes, and the benefit of being able to claim input tax credit can also improve developers’ profit margins.
Major construction materials have not seen a major change in tax rate.

  • Cement will be taxed at the rate of 28% under GST, which is higher the current average rate of tax around 20-24%
  • Iron rods and pillars will be charged at the rate of 18%, which is similar to the average rate of 20% under the old taxation regime
  • Paint, wall fittings, plaster, wallpaper and ceramic tiles will be taxed at 28%, which is also similar to the previous average rate of 20-25%
  • Sand lime bricks and fly ash bricks will be taxed at 5%, which is lower than the previous rate of 6%.

However, the marginal change in the percentage of these variables will make a huge difference as transportation and logistics costs reduce in the single taxation system. While there might be marginal impact on the real estate sector in the near term, we are definitely looking at a significant improvement in buyer sentiment and perception of this sector. Developers too will find the GST regime much simpler to work with, with the benefit of input tax credit being an added advantage.

(The writer is Chairman – ANAROCK Property Consultants Pvt. Ltd.)

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Post Author: Business Standard

12 thoughts on “GST impact on real estate: What will change when you go to buy a house?

  • Abhijit Ray

    (July 11, 2017 - 9:06 pm)


    Moral of the story is that, it will be taking a certain time to get off from the age old mundane tax policies where various taxes were levied on property registrations….Thou it is tough on the pockets for now but as we Indians are adaptive in nature and deliberately GST tax policy will be natural.

    But we are also expecting the government to sanction policies based on the fact that we have the highest GST than any other country where it is applicable to balance the economical structure for the few as mentioned below:

    (a)Better control on the consumer goods price and live stocks .
    (b)Better public schools with international standards.
    (c)Better transportation facilities which should be also economical.
    (d)Better government medical care and medical facilities for free or nominal fees same way ‘Social Security’ exists in other countries.
    (e)Full implementation of ‘RERA’ act where the price hikes in a certain zone are inspected to it’s core and controlled for the common people also to be able to buy their dwelling.

    Abhijit Ray

  • kailash swami

    (July 20, 2017 - 5:10 pm)

    Nice artical

  • Very informative article. keep it up

  • Ritesh

    (August 21, 2017 - 1:51 pm)

    Nice Article….

  • Nishtha jain

    (August 28, 2017 - 12:18 pm)

    Real estate sector plays a vital role in employment generation in India. It ranks second just behind agriculture.Importance of Real estate sector can be understood with its average 5-6% GDP contribution and stimulating demand for more than 250 ancillary industries.

    Real estate sector had a substantial growth of 22% in its private equity investments from 2015 to 2016. At the time of the third quarter of 2016, there was a 9% increase in investment for residential properties from a previous quarter.

    Current Scenario & Impact Area

    There are many current litigation cases active due to no clarification on the aspect of transfer of developmental rights.Since in GST the point of taxation is “Supply” and there is a refund mechanism for input credit, there will be an issue with the rise in the amount of working capital required. Small contractors involved in the real estate sector might not be able to withstand the demand of the raised working capital. Though the real estate sector would benefit from streamlining of all the taxes and processes

    In Real estate sector, there is a huge percentage of each project expenditure goes unrecorded on the books currently. GST will cut down this percentage due to cloud storing of invoicing. Real estate sector will also benefit with new tax law having a positive effect on all ancillary industries.

    there are some real estate name who are working transparently like

  • Arpita

    (August 28, 2017 - 2:25 pm)

    Nice information shared.

  • farnia

    (September 8, 2017 - 7:40 am)

    thank you for this post.

  • manisha sharma

    (September 21, 2017 - 2:10 pm)

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  • Girish

    (October 4, 2017 - 3:11 am)

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    (October 11, 2017 - 3:37 pm)

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  • manvi sharma

    (October 28, 2017 - 12:22 pm)

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